This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, October 13, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1935, the first bridge to Douglas Island from Juneau, built at a cost of $225,000, was dedicated.

• In 1920, Josephine Scott of Hydaburg was the first nurse to graduate from a training course in Alaska by completing a three-year course at the Juneau Native Hospital.

• In 1954, despite the late season, a uranium rush was on as more than 100 Anchorage prospectors rushed to the Shirley Lake area (100 miles northwest of Anchorage) following the strike reported on Oct. 11.

• In 1960, Alaska Methodist University, near Anchorage, was formally dedicated, with more than 150 students enrolled.

In the nation

• In 1775, the U.S. Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.

• In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.

• In 1843, the Jewish organization B'nai B'rith was founded in New York City.

• In 1845, Texas ratified a state constitution.

• In 1944, American troops entered Aachen, Germany.

• In 1960, Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy participated in the third televised debate of their presidential campaign.

• In 1962, "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" by Edward Albee opened on Broadway.

• In 2004, President Bush and Democratic rival John Kerry held their third and final debate, trading blows on taxes, gun control, abortion and jobs, striving to cement impressions in voters' minds in the run-up to Election Day.

In the world

• In 1943, Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time Axis partner.

• In 1981, voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.

• In 1995, British physicist Joseph Rotblat and the anti-nuclear group he founded, the Pugwash Conference, were named winners of the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize.

• In 2000, South Korean President Kim Dae-jung was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

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