In 1865, Sydney Laurence, Alaska's most famous artist, was born in Brooklyn, New York. He lived until 1940.
In 1964, the Anchorage City Council appointed a 28-person committee to put together a bid for the 1972 Winter Olympics.
In 1969, an Anchorage man found a leak in his kitchen roof. It was caused by a box of aircraft machine tools that fell from a plane and created a 3-foot hole in his roof.
In the nation
In 1890, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, was born in Denison, Texas.
In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the presidency, was shot in the chest in Milwaukee. Despite the wound, he went ahead with a scheduled speech.
In 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. ("Chuck") Yeager broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell X-1 rocket plane over Edwards Air Force Base in California.
In 1960, the idea of a Peace Corps was first suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan.
In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1968, the first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.
In 1987, a real-life drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center. Hundreds of rescuers worked 58 hours to free her.
In 1990, composer-conductor Leonard Bernstein died in New York at age 72.
In 1999, President Clinton accused Senate Republicans of recklessness and irresponsibility for defeating the nuclear test ban treaty, and pledged the United States would refrain from testing despite the treaty's rejection.
In 2003, John Allen Muhammad pleaded innocent to murder as the first trial in the deadly Washington-area sniper rampage got under way in Virginia Beach, Va. Muhammad was later convicted and sentenced to death for killing Dean Harold Meyers. In Game Six of the National League Championship Series, a Cubs fan inadvertently deflected a foul ball away from the outstretched glove of Chicago outfielder Moises Alou. The Florida Marlins, down 3-0 at the time, rallied to win the game and went on to win Game 7 and advance to the World Series, where they beat the New York Yankees.
In the world
In 1066, Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.
In 1933, Nazi Germany announced it was withdrawing from the League of Nations.
In 1944, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.
In 1994, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to PLO leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres. Kidnapped Israeli soldier Nachshon Waxman was killed when Israeli commandos raided the hideout of Islamic militants in Jerusalem. Nobel Prize-winning writer Naguib Mahfouz was stabbed several times on a Cairo street. Muslim militants were blamed in the attack.
In 2003, the United States vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution that would have condemned Israel for building a barrier that cut into the West Bank.