This Day in History

Posted: Friday, October 14, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1865, Sydney Laurence, Alaska's most famous artist, was born in Brooklyn, N.Y. He lived until 1940.

• In 1969, an Anchorage man found a leak in his kitchen roof. It was caused by a box of aircraft machine tools that fell from a plane and created a three-foot hole in his roof.

• In 1964, the Anchorage City Council appointed a 28-person committee to put together a bid for the 1972 Winter Olympics.

In the nation

• In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the presidency, was shot in the chest in Milwaukee. Despite the wound, he went ahead with a scheduled speech.

• In 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell X-1 rocket plane over Edwards Air Force Base in California.

• In 1960, the idea of a Peace Corps was first suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan.

• In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

• In 1968, the first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.

• In 1980, Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan promised that, if elected, he would name a woman to the U.S. Supreme Court. He later nominated Judge Sandra Day O'Connor of Arizona.

• In 1987, a real-life drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center. Hundreds of rescuers worked 58 hours to free her.

• In 2004, the Treasury Department announced that the federal deficit had surged to a record $413 billion in 2004. A suicide bomber killed four Americans in the U.S.-guarded "Green Zone" of Baghdad.

In the world

• In 1066, Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.

• In 1944, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.

• In 1995, an armed gunman seized a bus carrying South Korean tourists in Moscow's Red Square. Commandos stormed the bus the next day, killing the gunman and freeing four remaining hostages.

• In 2000, two hijackers seized a London-bound Saudi Arabian Airlines jetliner carrying more than 100 people, taking it to Syria and then Baghdad, Iraq, where they surrendered peacefully. A mudslide caused by heavy rains swept through the Swiss Alpine village of Gondo, destroying buildings and killing 13 people.

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