In 1865, Sydney Laurence, Alaska's most famous artist, was born in Brooklyn, N.Y. He lived until 1940.
In 1969, an Anchorage man found a leak in his kitchen roof. It was caused by a box of aircraft machine tools that fell from a plane and created a three-foot hole in his roof.
In 1964, the Anchorage City Council appointed a 28-person committee to put together a bid for the 1972 Winter Olympics.
In the nation
In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the presidency, was shot in the chest in Milwaukee. Despite the wound, he went ahead with a scheduled speech.
In 1947, Air Force test pilot Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell X-1 rocket plane over Edwards Air Force Base in California.
In 1960, the idea of a Peace Corps was first suggested by Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy to an audience of students at the University of Michigan.
In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1968, the first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.
In 1980, Republican presidential nominee Ronald Reagan promised that, if elected, he would name a woman to the U.S. Supreme Court. He later nominated Judge Sandra Day O'Connor of Arizona.
In 1987, a real-life drama began in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slid 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center. Hundreds of rescuers worked 58 hours to free her.
In 2004, the Treasury Department announced that the federal deficit had surged to a record $413 billion in 2004. A suicide bomber killed four Americans in the U.S.-guarded "Green Zone" of Baghdad.
In the world
In 1066, Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.
In 1944, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.
In 1995, an armed gunman seized a bus carrying South Korean tourists in Moscow's Red Square. Commandos stormed the bus the next day, killing the gunman and freeing four remaining hostages.
In 2000, two hijackers seized a London-bound Saudi Arabian Airlines jetliner carrying more than 100 people, taking it to Syria and then Baghdad, Iraq, where they surrendered peacefully. A mudslide caused by heavy rains swept through the Swiss Alpine village of Gondo, destroying buildings and killing 13 people.