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In 1926, Ranger Jack Thayer was killed by a bear on Admiralty Island. A lake on the island was named after him.
In 1930, the Wrangell Presbyterian Church, the first one built in Alaska, was destroyed by fire.
In 1972, the longest, most intensive and most sophisticated search ever conducted in Alaska began after the disappearance of a chartered Cessna 310 carrying Rep. Nick Begich and House Majority Leader Hale Boggs. The plane was en route from Anchorage to Juneau.
In 1974, a 489-foot barge carrying 13,800 tons of fertilizer snapped its tow cable in 45 knot winds and sank off the coast of Sitka.
In the nation
In 1859, abolitionist John Brown led a group of about 20 men in a failed raid on Harper's Ferry.
In 1916, Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic, in Brooklyn, N.Y. (The clinic ended up being raided by police and Sanger was arrested.)
In 1957, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip began a visit to the United States with a stopover at the site of the Jamestown settlement in Virginia.
In 1987, a 58½-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended happily as rescuers freed Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old girl trapped in an abandoned well.
In 1991, a deadly shooting rampage took place in Killeen, Texas, as George Hennard opened fire at a Luby's Cafeteria, killing 23 people before taking his own life.
In 1997, in the first known case in the United States, a Georgia woman gave birth after being implanted with previously frozen eggs.
In 2002, President Bush signed a congressional resolution authorizing war against Iraq. The White House announced that North Korea had disclosed it had a nuclear weapons program.
In 2006, President Bush personally assured Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki by phone that he had set no timetable for pulling troops out of Iraq. Lynne Stewart, a firebrand civil rights lawyer, was sentenced in New York to 28 months in prison for helping an imprisoned terrorist sheik communicate with his followers on the outside.
In the world
In 1793, during the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette, the queen of France, was beheaded.
In 1946, 10 Nazi war criminals condemned during the Nuremberg trials were hanged.
In 1962, the Cuban missile crisis began as President Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
In 1964, Harold Wilson of the Labor Party assumed office as prime minister of Britain, succeeding Conservative Sir Alec Douglas-Home. China set off its first atomic bomb, codenamed "596," on the Lop Nur Test Ground.
In 1978, the College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to be the new pope; he took the name John Paul II.
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