In 1873, Thomas C. Riggs Jr., who became the ninth governor of Alaska, was born in Maryland.
In 1904, the Alaska Weekly Transcript began publication in Juneau.
In 1964, Alaska Highway Commissioner D.A. McKinnon announced that a 1-year study would begin to find the best route for a proposed Nome-to-Fairbanks road.
In 1979, for the fifth time, The Petroleum Club of Anchorage, consisting of male oil industry executives, voted to bar women oil executives from membership.
In the nation
In 1919, the Radio Corporation of America was created.
In 1931, mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He was released in 1939.
In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.
In 1941, the U.S. destroyer Kearney was torpedoed by a German submarine off the coast of Iceland; 11 people died.
In 1989, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck northern California, killing 67 people and causing $7 billion worth of damage.
In 1995, President Clinton told wealthy contributors at a Houston fund-raiser that "you think I raised your taxes too much. It might surprise you to know that I think I raised them too much, too" - a statement that drew criticism from both Republicans and Democrats.
In the world
In 1945, Col. Juan Peron staged a coup, becoming absolute ruler of Argentina.
In 1973, Arab oil-producing nations announced they would begin cutting back on oil exports to Western nations and Japan; the result was a total embargo that lasted until March 1974.
In 1977, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers.
In 1979, Mother Teresa of India was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1995, a bomb exploded aboard a Paris subway car, wounding 29 people.
In 2000, ending an emergency summit in Egypt, Israeli and Palestinian leaders agreed to publicly urge an end to a burst of bloody conflict and to consult within two weeks on restarting the ravaged Mideast peace process.
In 2004, Jordan's military prosecutor indicted Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, one of the most wanted insurgents in Iraq, and 12 suspected Muslim militants for an alleged al-Qaida-linked plot to attack the U.S. Embassy in Amman and Jordanian government targets.