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In 1904, the Alaska Weekly Transcript began publication in Juneau.
In 1964, Alaska Highway Commissioner D.A. McKinnon announced that a one-year study would begin to find the best route for a proposed Nome-to-Fairbanks road.
In 1979, for the fifth time, The Petroleum Club of Anchorage, consisting of male oil industry executives, voted to bar women oil executives from membership.
In the nation
In 1777, British forces under Gen. John Burgoyne surrendered to American troops in Saratoga, N.Y., in a turning point of the Revolutionary War.
In 1919, the Radio Corporation of America was chartered.
In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.
In 1957, the movie "Jailhouse Rock," starring Elvis Presley, had its world premiere in Memphis, Tenn.
In 1989, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck northern California, killing 63 people and causing $6 billion in damage.
In 1992, Japanese exchange student Yoshi Hattori was shot and killed by Rodney Peairs in Louisiana after Hattori and his American host mistakenly knocked on Peairs' door while looking for a Halloween party. (Peairs was acquitted of manslaughter, but in a civil trial was ordered to pay more than $650,000 to Hattori's family.)
In 2002, Ira Einhorn, the 1970s hippie guru who had fled to Europe after being charged with murder, was convicted in Philadelphia of killing his girlfriend, Holly Maddux, and stuffing her corpse in his closet a quarter of a century earlier. (Einhorn was later sentenced to life without parole.)
In 2006, President Bush signed legislation authorizing tough interrogation of terror suspects and smoothing the way for trials before military commissions.