This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, October 19, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1889, the first, and perhaps only, Alaska post of the Grand Army of the Republic was organized in Juneau.

• In 1929, a representative of the Aero-Arctic Society was enroute from Germany to make final arrangements for the Zeppelin base in Fairbanks. Arctic zeppelin flights appeared a certainty.

• In 1945, a Bering Sea storm did at least $1,000,000 damage in Nome.

• In 1964, two oil tankers, Union Oil's Santa Maria and Shell Oil's Sirrah, collided in the Anchorage waterfront, setting the Santa Maria ablaze. The Santa Maria carried 110,000 barrels of aviation fuel and stove oil.

In the nation

• In 1765, the Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.

• In 1781, British troops under Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Va., as the American Revolution neared its end.

• In 1864, Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early attacked Union forces at Cedar Creek, Va. The Union troops were able to rally and defeat the Confederates.

• In 1944, the Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (the WAVES).

• In 1951, President Truman signed an act formally ending the state of war with Germany.

• In 1960, the United States imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.

• In 1977, the supersonic Concorde made its first landing in New York City.

• In 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 508 points, or 22.6 percent in value.

• In 1995, ignoring a veto threat, the House passed a Republican plan for overhauling Medicare by raising premiums for the elderly and disabled and saving billions of dollars from hospital and doctor fees.

• In 2000, a government advisory panel of scientists declared that phenylpropanolamine, an ingredient used in dozens of popular over-the-counter medicines, could not be classified as safe, saying it could be the cause of several hundred hemorrhagic strokes suffered annually by people under 50.

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