This Day in History

Posted: Friday, October 19, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1889, the first Alaska post of the Grand Army of the Republic was organized in Juneau.

• In 1929, a representative of the Aero-Arctic Society was en route from Germany to make final arrangements for a zeppelin base in Fairbanks.

• In 1945, a Bering Sea storm did at least $1 million dollars in damage in Nome.

• In 1964, two oil tankers, Union Oil's Santa Maria and Shell Oil's Sirrah, collided on the Anchorage waterfront, setting the Santa Maria ablaze. The Santa Maria carried 110,000 barrels of aviation fuel and stove oil.

In the nation

• In 1765, the Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.

• In 1781, British troops under Gen. Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Va., as the American Revolution neared its end.

• In 1864, Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early attacked Union forces at Cedar Creek, Va.; the Union troops were able to rally and defeat the Confederates.

• In 1936, H.R. Ekins of the New York World-Telegram beat out Dorothy Kilgallen of the New York Journal and Leo Kieran of The New York Times in a round-the-world race on commercial flights that lasted 18½ days.

• In 1960, President Dwight D. Eisenhower imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.

• In 1977, the supersonic Concorde made its first landing in New York City.

• In 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 508 points, or 22.6 percent in value.

• In 1997, the Cleveland Indians defeated the Florida Marlins, 6-1, in Game 2 of the World Series, evening the series at one game apiece.

• In 2002, Jeffrey Hopper, 37, was seriously wounded outside a steakhouse in Ashland, Va., in the latest Washington-area sniper shooting. In York, Pa., former mayor Charlie Robertson was acquitted and two other men were convicted in the shotgun slaying of Lillie Belle Allen, a young black woman, during race riots that tore the city apart in 1969. The San Francisco Giants defeated the Anaheim Angels 4-3 in Game 1 of the World Series.

• In 2006, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above 12,000 for the first time, ending at 12,011.73. The St. Louis Cardinals won the NL pennant, beating the New York Mets 3-1 in Game 7 of their championship series.

In the world

• In 1812, French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from Moscow.

• In 1950, during the Korean War, United Nations forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.

• In 1967, the U.S. space probe Mariner V flew past Venus.

• In 1977, the body of West German industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer, who had been kidnapped by left-wing extremists, was found in Mulhouse, France.

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