In 1954, the Federal Communications Commission granted permission to AT&T to build twin underwater communications cables between Port Angeles, Washington and Ketchikan at a cost of about $13 million.
In 1973, Angoon residents approved the acceptance of $90,000 in U.S. reparations for the bombardment of the Southeast Alaskan village by the U.S. Revenue Cutter Corwin in October of 1882.
In the nation
In 1797, the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, also known as "Old Ironsides," was launched in Boston's harbor.
In 1879, Thomas Edison invented a workable electric light at his laboratory in Menlo Park, N.J.
In 1959, the Guggenheim Museum in New York opened to the public.
In 1960, Democrat John F. Kennedy and Republican Richard M. Nixon clashed in their fourth and final presidential debate.
In 1967, tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters marched in Washington, D.C.
In 1976, Saul Bellow won the Nobel Prize for literature, the first American honored since John Steinbeck in 1962.
In 1998, a radical environmental group, the Earth Liberation Front, claimed responsibil-ity for fires that caused $12 million in damage at the nation's busiest ski resort in Vail, Colo. The New York Yankees swept the San Diego Padres, winning game four of the World Series, 3-0.
In the world
In 1805, a British fleet commanded by Adm. Horatio Nelson defeated a French-Spanish fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar; Nelson, however, was killed.
In 1945, women in France were allowed to vote for the first time.
In 1966, more than 140 people, mostly children, were killed when a coal waste landslide engulfed a school and several houses in southern Wales.
In 2002, a car packed with explosives pulled up to a bus in northern Israel during rush hour, igniting a massive fireball that killed 14 people along with two suicide attackers.