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In 1949, a gold rush was on as reports arrived of pea-sized nuggets found on the Yukon River, 160 miles north of Fairbanks. It was known as the Fishwheel Strike.
In 1959, A.W. Boddy, the executive director of the Alaska Sportsmen's Council, endorsed a Department of the Interior proposal to create a 9-million acre wildlife preserve in Northeastern Alaska as "a chance to preserve for future generations a substantial piece of Arctic country, essentially undisturbed."
In 1969, two members of the U.S. House Interior Committee expressed their indignation concerning work already performed along the route of the trans-Alaska pipeline; before right-of-way permits had been awarded.
In 1974, the Snettisham Hydroelectric Project near Juneau won the coveted "Army Chief of Engineers Distinguished Design Award for Engineering."
In the nation
In 1962, President John F. Kennedy announced a quarantine of all offensive military equipment shipped to Cuba, following the discovery of Soviet-built missile bases on the island.
In 1746, Princeton University was first chartered as the College of New Jersey.
In 1836, Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.
In 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt visited The Hermitage, the Nashville, Tenn., home of the late President Andrew Jackson. (Years later, Maxwell House claimed that Roosevelt had praised a cup of its coffee during this visit by saying it was "good to the last drop.")
In 1928, Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the "American system of rugged individualism" in a speech at New York's Madison Square Garden.
In 1934, bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd was shot to death by federal agents at a farm in East Liverpool, Ohio.
In 1981, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August.
In 1986, President Rongald Reagan signed into law sweeping tax-overhaul legislation.
In 1997, for the first time, U.S. inspectors discovered E. coli bacteria in imported Canadian beef, halting shipments of 34,000 pounds. President Clinton presented a modest strategy to combat global warming by gradually reducing greenhouse gases over the next two decades. The Cleveland Indians tied the World Series at two games apiece as they beat the Florida Marlins, 10-3, in Game 4.
In 2002, bus driver Conrad Johnson was shot to death in Silver Spring, Md., in what would be the final attack linked by authorities to the Washington-area sniper attacks. The Anaheim Angels defeated the San Francisco Giants 10-4 to take a 2-games-to-1 edge in the World Series.
In 2006, the Detroit Tigers beat the St. Louis Cardinals 3-1 to tie up the World Series 1-1.
In the world
In 1797, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first parachute descent, landing safely from a height of about 3,000 feet over Paris.
In 1968, Apollo 7 returned safely, splashing down in the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1979, the U.S. government allowed the deposed Shah of Iran to travel to New York for medical treatment - a decision that precipitated the Iran hostage crisis.
In 2006, senior U.S. diplomat Alberto Fernandez apologized for saying in an al-Jazeera TV interview that U.S. policy in Iraq had displayed "arrogance" and "stupidity."