In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1866, Charles E. Ingersoll, a member of the first Territorial Legislature, was born in Massachusetts.
In 1949, a gold rush was on as reports arrived of pea-sized nuggets found on the Yukon River, 160 miles north of Fairbanks. It was known as the Fishwheel Strike.
In 1959, A. W. Boddy, the executive director of the Alaska Sportsmen's Council, endorsed a Department of the Interior proposal to create a 9 million acre wildlife preserve in Northeastern Alaska as "a chance to preserve for future generations a substantial piece of arctic country, essentially undisturbed."
In 1969, two members of the U.S. House Interior Committee expressed their indignation concerning work already performed along the route of the trans-Alaska oil pipeline; before right-of-way permits had been awarded.
In 1974, the Snettisham Hydroelectric Project near Juneau won the coveted "Army Chief of Engineers Distinguished Design Award for Engineering."
In the nation
In 1746, Princeton University was first chartered as the College of New Jersey.
In 1836, Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.
In 1883, the original Metropolitan Opera House in New York held its grand opening with a performance of Gounod's "Faust."
In 1928, Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the "American system of rugged individualism" in a speech at New York's Madison Square Garden.
In 1934, bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd was shot to death by federal agents at a farm in East Liverpool, Ohio.
In 1962, President Kennedy announced a quarantine of all offensive military equipment shipped to Cuba, following the discovery of Soviet-built missile bases on the island.
In 1981, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August.
In 1986, President Reagan signed into law sweeping tax-overhaul legislation.
In 1998, the government advised parents to remove the batteries from their kids' "Power Wheels" cars and trucks, made by Fisher-Price, because of faulty wiring that could cause them to erupt into flames.
In 2003, the Florida Marlins edged the New York Yankees 4-3 in 12 innings to even the World Series at two games each. IRL racer Tony Renna, 26, died after crashing at nearly 220 mph during a test drive at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
In 2007, a federal judge in Dallas declared a mistrial for former leaders of the Texas-based Holy Land Foundation, a Muslim charity accused of funding terrorism. Marie Osmond fainted during ABC's live broadcast of "Dancing With the Stars."
In the world
In 1797, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first parachute descent, landing safely from a height of about 3,000 feet over Paris.
In 1968, Apollo 7 returned safely, splashing down in the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1979, the U.S. government allowed the deposed Shah of Iran to travel to New York for medical treatment - a decision that precipitated the Iran hostage crisis.
In 2003, President Bush defended U.S. policy from the Mideast to Iraq during a frank exchange with moderate Muslim leaders during a stopover in Bali, Indonesia.
In 2007, China's Communist Party gave President Hu Jintao a second five-year term.