This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, October 22, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1866, Charles E. Ingersoll, a member of the first Territorial Legislature, was born in Massachusetts.

• In 1949, a gold rush was on as reports arrived of pea-sized nuggets found on the Yukon River, 160 miles north of Fairbanks. It was known as the Fishwheel Strike.

• In 1959, A. W. Boddy, the executive director of the Alaska Sportsmen's Council, endorsed a Department of the Interior proposal to create a 9 million acre wildlife preserve in Northeastern Alaska as "a chance to preserve for future generations a substantial piece of arctic country, essentially undisturbed."

• In 1969, two members of the U.S. House Interior Committee expressed their indignation concerning work already performed along the route of the trans-Alaska oil pipeline; before right-of-way permits had been awarded.

• In 1974, the Snettisham Hydroelectric Project near Juneau won the coveted "Army Chief of Engineers Distinguished Design Award for Engineering."

In the nation

• In 1746, Princeton University was first chartered as the College of New Jersey.

• In 1836, Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.

• In 1883, the original Metropolitan Opera House in New York held its grand opening with a performance of Gounod's "Faust."

• In 1928, Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the "American system of rugged individualism" in a speech at New York's Madison Square Garden.

• In 1934, bank robber Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd was shot to death by federal agents at a farm in East Liverpool, Ohio.

• In 1962, President Kennedy announced a quarantine of all offensive military equipment shipped to Cuba, following the discovery of Soviet-built missile bases on the island.

• In 1981, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August.

• In 1986, President Reagan signed into law sweeping tax-overhaul legislation.

• In 1998, the government advised parents to remove the batteries from their kids' "Power Wheels" cars and trucks, made by Fisher-Price, because of faulty wiring that could cause them to erupt into flames.

• In 2003, the Florida Marlins edged the New York Yankees 4-3 in 12 innings to even the World Series at two games each. IRL racer Tony Renna, 26, died after crashing at nearly 220 mph during a test drive at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

• In 2007, a federal judge in Dallas declared a mistrial for former leaders of the Texas-based Holy Land Foundation, a Muslim charity accused of funding terrorism. Marie Osmond fainted during ABC's live broadcast of "Dancing With the Stars."

In the world

• In 1797, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first parachute descent, landing safely from a height of about 3,000 feet over Paris.

• In 1968, Apollo 7 returned safely, splashing down in the Atlantic Ocean.

• In 1979, the U.S. government allowed the deposed Shah of Iran to travel to New York for medical treatment - a decision that precipitated the Iran hostage crisis.

• In 2003, President Bush defended U.S. policy from the Mideast to Iraq during a frank exchange with moderate Muslim leaders during a stopover in Bali, Indonesia.

• In 2007, China's Communist Party gave President Hu Jintao a second five-year term.

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