This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, October 23, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1909, William Tgorn ran down 110 successive balls to set a new record at Hedlunds Pool and Billiard Hall in Fairbanks.

• In 1929, red lights, to be kept on at night, were installed on the wireless tower in Fairbanks to ease fears of airplane collisions.

• In 1964, a team of 12 drivers and three 1964 Ford Comets arrived in Fairbanks, finishing a 16,287-mile, 40-day test run from Cape Horn, South America.

• In 1974, the Concorde Supersonic Jetliner landed in Anchorage as part of a series of test flights prior to certification for commercial flights.

In the nation

• In 1864, forces led by Union Gen. Samuel R. Curtis repelled Confederate Gen. Sterling Price's army in the Civil War Battle of Westport in Missouri.

• In 1915, tens of thousands of women marched in New York City, demanding the right to vote.

• In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly convened in New York for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing Meadow.

• In 1973, President Richard Nixon agreed to turn over White House tape recordings subpoenaed by the Watergate special prosecutor to John J. Sirica.

• In 1987, the U.S. Senate rejected, 58-42, the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork.

• In 1997, British au pair Louise Woodward, charged with murdering a baby in her care, testified at her trial in Cambridge, Mass., that she had never hurt 8-month-old Matthew Eappen, saying, "I love kids." The International Whaling Commission opened the way for an American Indian tribe, the Makah, to resume traditional whale hunts for the first time in seven decades. The Florida Marlins beat the Cleveland Indians, 8-7, in Game 5 of the World Series.

• In 2002, President Bush signed the biggest military spending increase since Ronald Reagan's administration - a $355.5 billion package. The San Francisco Giants edged the Anaheim Angels, 4-3, to tie the World Series at two games each.

In the world

• In 1707, the first Parliament of Great Britain, created by the Acts of Union between England and Scotland, held its first meeting.

• In 1942, during World War II, Britain launched a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein in Egypt.

• In 1944, the World War II Battle of Leyte Gulf began, resulting in an Allied victory.

• In 1956, a student-sparked revolt against Hungary's Communist rule began; as the revolution spread, Soviet forces started entering the country, and the uprising was put down within weeks.

• In 1983, 241 U.S. Marines and sailors in Lebanon were killed in a suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.

• In 2002, gunmen seized a crowded Moscow theater, taking hundreds hostage and threatening to kill their hostages unless the Russian army pulled out of Chechnya.

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