In 1918, the Princess Sophia wrecked on Vanderbilt Reef north of Juneau in the early morning hours and sank with all on board the next night.
In 1919, the weekly Hyder Alaska Miner was established by Joe K. Green.
In 1929, Alaska Airlines announced a contract with Swansen Fur Trading Co. to bring 15 passengers and 6 tons of freight from Siberia to Fairbanks.
In 1977, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a lower court's one-year ban on bowhead whale hunting by Alaska Natives.
In 1979, the film "Spirit of the Wind" premiered in Fairbanks. The movie was based on the life of Alaska dog musher George Attla.
In the nation
In 1861, the first transcontinental telegraph message was sent as Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmitted a telegram to President Lincoln.
In 1901, Anna Edson Taylor, a 43-year-old widow, became the first person to survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
In 1931, the George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, opened to traffic.
In 1939, nylon stockings were sold publicly for the first time, in Wilmington, Del.
In 1940, the 40-hour work week went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
In 1952, Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower declared, "I shall go to Korea" as he promised to end the conflict. (He made the visit more than a month later.)
In 1962, the U.S. blockade of Cuba during the missile crisis officially began under a proclamation signed by President Kennedy.
In 1987, 30 years after it was expelled, the Teamsters union was welcomed back into the AFL-CIO.
In 1993, two George Washington University researchers who had cloned non-viable human embryos told a news conference that science was still far from duplicating human beings - but they urged ethicists to prepare for the future.
In 2002, authorities arrested Army veteran John Allen Muhammad and teenager Lee Boyd Malvo in connection with the Washington-area sniper attacks.
In the world
In 1537, Jane Seymour, the third wife of England's King Henry VIII, died 12 days after giving birth to Prince Edward, later King Edward VI.
In 1998, officials from the United States, China and North and South Korea seeking a permanent peace for the divided Korean peninsula announced in Geneva they had removed the last obstacles to full-blown talks.