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In 1918, the ship Princess Sophia wrecked early in the morning on Vanderbilt Reef, north of Juneau. It sank with all on board the following night.
In 1919, Joe Green established the weekly Hyder Alaska Miner.
In 1929, Alaska Airlines announced a contract with Swansen Fur Trading Co. to bring 15 passengers and six tons of freight from Siberia to Fairbanks.
In 1977, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a lower court's one-year ban on bowhead whale hunting by Alaska natives.
In 1979, the film "Spirit of the Wind" premiered in Fairbanks. The movie was based on the life of Alaskan dog musher George Attla.
In the nation
In 1861, the first transcontinental telegraph message was sent as Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmitted a telegram to President Lincoln.
In 1901, widow Anna Edson Taylor became the first person to survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
In 1931, the George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, opened to traffic.
In 1939, nylon stockings were sold publicly for the first time, in Wilmington, Del.
In 1940, the 40-hour work week went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
In 1952, Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower declared, "I shall go to Korea" as he promised to end the conflict. (He made the visit over a month later.)
In 1996, rioting erupted in St. Petersburg, Fla., after a white police officer fatally shot a black man during a traffic stop. The New York Yankees took the lead in the World Series, defeating the Atlanta Braves 1-0 in Game 5.
In 2001, the House passed a $100 billion on economic stimulus package. O.J. Simpson was acquitted in Miami of grabbing another driver's glasses and scratching the man's face in a road-rage argument.
In 2005, Hurricane Wilma knifed through Florida with winds up to 125 mph. President Bush nominated economic adviser Ben Bernanke to succeed Alan Greenspan as Federal Reserve chairman.
In the world
In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years War and effectively destroyed the Holy Roman Empire.
In 1945, the United Nations officially came into existence as its charter took effect.
In 1962, the U.S. blockade of Cuba during the missile crisis officially began under a proclamation signed by President Kennedy.
In 2001, two trucks crashed head-on in a main tunnel through the Alps, igniting a fire and killing 11 people.
In 2005, three bombs exploded near the Palestine Hotel in Baghdad, where journalists worked, killing at least a half-dozen passers-by.
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