In 1778, the expedition of Captain James Cook left Unalaska for the Hawaiian Islands, where Cook was killed.
In 1936, the pipeline and bridges at the Sawmill Creek hydro-electric plant in Sitka were washed out.
In 1982, the Aurora I Telecommunications satellite was launched.
In the nation
1787, the first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for ratification of the U.S. Constitution, was published in a New York newspaper.
In 1858, the 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, was born in New York City.
In 1880, Theodore Roosevelt married Alice Lee.
In 1904, the first rapid transit subway, the IRT, opened in New York City.
In 1922, the first annual celebration of Navy Day took place.
In 1938, Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: "nylon."
In 1947, "You Bet Your Life," starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio. (It later became a television show on NBC.)
In 1954, Walt Disney's first television program, titled "Disneyland" after his yet-to-be completed theme park, premiered on ABC.
In 1993, brush fires raged across Southern California, destroying several hundred homes. President Clinton presented a revised version of his health care reform plan to Congress, urging its passage within a year.
In 2002, Emmitt Smith broke the NFL career rushing yardage record held by the late Walter Payton. The Anaheim Angels won the World Series, beating the San Francisco Giants 4-1 in Game Seven.
In the world
In 1914, author-poet Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea, Wales.
In 1967, Expo '67 closed in Montreal, Canada.
In 1978, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.
In 1998, Hurricane "Mitch" cut through the western Caribbean, pummeling coastal Honduras and Belize. The storm caused several thousand deaths in Central America in the days that followed.