In 1778, the expedition of Capt. James Cook left Unalaska for the Hawaiian Islands, where Cook was killed.
In 1936, the pipeline and bridges at the Sawmill Creek hydroelectric plant in Sitka were washed out.
In the nation
In 1787, the first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for ratification of the United States Constitution, was published in a New York newspaper.
In 1858, the 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, was born in New York City.
In 1880, Theodore Roosevelt married Alice Lee.
In 1904, the first rapid transit subway, the IRT (which stood for "Interborough Rapid Transit"), was inaugurated in New York City by Mayor George B. McClellan. The fare: five cents.
In 1922, the first annual celebration of Navy Day took place.
In 1938, Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: "nylon."
In 1947, "You Bet Your Life," starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio. It later became a television show on NBC.
In 1954, 50 years ago, Walt Disney's first television program, titled "Disneyland" after his yet-to-be completed theme park, premiered on ABC.
In 1999, in the first debate of the Democratic presidential race, Al Gore sought to stem his decline in the polls by attacking rival Bill Bradley's health care and spending plans. The U.S. federal budget surplus was put at $123 billion in 1998, marking the first back-to-back surpluses since the 1950s. The New York Yankees won their second straight World Series sweep, defeating the Atlanta Braves 4-1 in Game 4.
In 2003, former Washington, D.C. Mayor Walter Edward Washington died at age 88. Rod Roddy, announcer on "The Price is Right," died in Los Angeles at age 66.
In the world
In 1914, author-poet Dylan Thomas was born in Swansea, Wales.
In 1967, Expo '67 closed in Montreal, Canada.