This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, October 28, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1936, members of the Matanuska Valley Farmers Cooperative Association formed the largest distributor of locally grown produce in Alaska, Matanuska Maid.

• In 1949, amid growing skepticism about the validity of the Fishwheel Gold Strike that occurred 160 miles north of Fairbanks on the Yukon River, a University of Alaska geologist revealed one of the nuggets he examined from the strike was brass and two others were pocket worn.

• In 1971, a pipeline break at Galena Air Force Base that spilled 13,500 gallons of diesel fuel into the Yukon River was uncovered and reported by the Broadcast News Center of Fairbanks. The spill occurred on Sept. 16, 1971, and was never reported by the military.

• In 1988, two stranded gray whales left Barrow following an international rescue effort.

In the nation

• In 1636, the General Court of Massachusetts passed a legislative act establishing Harvard College.

• In 1776, the Battle of White Plains was fought during the Revolutionary War, resulting in a limited British victory.

• In 1886, the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Cleveland.

• In 1919, Congress enacted the Volstead Act, which provided for enforcement of Prohibition, over President Wilson's veto.

• In 1936, President Roosevelt rededicated the Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary.

• In 1986, the true centennial of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated in New York with ceremonies that were modest compared with the hoopla of "Liberty Weekend" the previous July.

• In 1997, a day after plunging 554 points, the stock market roared back, posting a 337-point recovery, with more than 1 billion shares traded.

• In 2002, a student flunking out of the University of Arizona nursing school fatally shot three of his professors, then killed himself.

In the world

• In 1893, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducted the first public performance of his Symphony Number 6 in B minor ("Pathetique") in St. Petersburg, Russia, just nine days before his death.

• In 1940, Italy invaded Greece during World War II.

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