This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, October 29, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1867, an Army post was established at Sitka, with General Jefferson C. Davis in command.

• In 1918, Juneau was quarantined to help prevent the spread of Spanish influenza.

• In 1940, radio station KINY-AM moved into the Decker Building in downtown Juneau.

• In 1942, the Alaska Highway, Alaska's first land link with the United States, was announced open for traffic.

• In 1965, an underground nuclear device with four times the power of the bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki was detonated beneath Amchitka Island in the Aleutians. The blast, registering at 5.7 on the Richter scale, lifted the island a few feet.

• In 1983, all Alaska time zones were combined as the Alaska Time Zone.

In the nation

• In 1901, President McKinley's assassin, Leon Czolgosz, was electrocuted.

• In 1929, "Black Tuesday" descended upon the New York Stock Exchange. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America's "Great Depression" began.

• In 1940, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson drew the first number - 158 - in America's first peacetime military draft.

• In 1956, "The Huntley-Brinkley Report," anchored by Chet Huntley and David Brinkley, premiered as NBC's nightly television newscast, replacing "The Camel News Caravan."

• In 1964, thieves made off with the Star of India and other gems from the American Museum of Natural History in New York. (The Star and most of the other gems were recovered; three men were convicted of stealing them.)

• In 1966, the National Organization for Women was formally organized during a conference in Washington, D.C.

• In 1979, on the 50th anniversary of the great stock market crash, anti-nuclear protesters tried but failed to shut down the New York Stock Exchange.

• In 1998, Sen. John Glenn, at age 77, roared back into space aboard the shuttle Discovery.

• In 1996, hundreds of thousands of New York Yankees fans participated in an enormous blue-and-white ticker-tape parade for the World Series champions.

• In 2001, the FBI issued a terrorism warning asking Americans and law enforcement to be on the highest alert for possible attacks in the United States and abroad.

• In 2005, hundreds of people slowly filed past the body of civil rights icon Rosa Parks in Montgomery, Ala., just miles from the downtown street where she'd made history by refusing to give up her seat on a city bus to a white man. Saint Liam won the Breeders' Cup Classic at Belmont Park.

In the world

• In 1618, Sir Walter Raleigh, the English courtier, military adventurer and poet, was executed in London.

• In 1923, the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed.

• In 1956, during the Suez Canal crisis, Israel invaded Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.

• In 2001, a gunman killed four people in the French city of Tours.

• In 2005, near-simultaneous bombings of two crowded markets in New Delhi, India, killed 60 people and injured more than 200.

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