In 1904, both the Catholic Church and the Presbyterian Church opened their doors for the first time in Fairbanks.
In 1938, the cornerstone was laid for the Shrine of St. Therese Chapel, about 15 miles north of Juneau.
In 1939, compensation for all jurors in Alaskan Judicial districts was raised from $4 to $5 per day.
In 1974, President Gerald Ford vetoed a bill designed to protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other wildlife preserves from pipeline construction and other industrial uses.
In the nation
In 1735, the second president of the United States, John Adams, was born in Braintree, Mass.
In 1885, poet Ezra Pound was born in Hailey, Idaho.
In 1938, the radio play "The War of the Worlds," starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS. (The live drama, which employed fake news reports, panicked some listeners who thought its portrayal of a Martian invasion was true.)
In 1944, the Martha Graham ballet "Appalachian Spring," with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., with Graham in a leading role.
In 1945, the U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing.
In 1972, 45 people were killed when an Illinois Central Gulf commuter train collided with another train in Chicago's South Side.
In 1979, President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.
In 1993, Martin Fettman, America's first veterinarian in space, chopped the heads off six rats and performed the world's first animal dissections in space, aboard the shuttle Columbia.
In 2002, Walter Mondale returned to politics as Minnesota Democrats approved the former vice president as a fill-in for the late Sen. Paul Wellstone less than a week before the election. (However, Mondale ended up losing to Republican Norm Coleman.) Jam Master Jay (Jason Mizell), a rapper with the Run DMC hip-hop group, was killed in a shooting in New York. He was 37.
In the world
In 1961, the Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb with a force estimated at 58 megatons. The Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb.
In 1993, a United Nations deadline for ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to return to power passed with the country's military still in control.
In 1995, by a vote of 50.6 percent to 49.4 percent, federalists prevailed over separatists in Quebec in a secession referendum.
In 1998, in Nicaragua, a mudslide caused by Hurricane Mitch killed at least 2,000 people on the slopes of the Casitas volcano in Posoltega.
In 2002, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's broad-based coalition collapsed when Cabinet ministers from the moderate Labor Party resigned in a dispute over funding for Jewish settlements.
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