This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, October 30, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1904, both the Catholic Church and the Presbyterian Church opened their doors for the first time in Fairbanks.

• In 1938, the cornerstone was laid for the Shrine of St. Therese chapel, about 15 miles north of Juneau.

• In 1939, compensation for all jurors in Alaska judicial districts was raised from $4 to $5 per day.

• In 1974, President Gerald Ford vetoed a bill designed to protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other wildlife preserves from pipeline construction and other industrial uses.

In the nation

• In 1938, the radio play "The War of the Worlds," starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS. (The live drama, which employed fake news reports, panicked some listeners who thought its portrayal of a Martian invasion was true.)

• In 1944, the Martha Graham ballet "Appalachian Spring," with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., with Graham in a leading role.

• In 1945, the U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing.

• In 1975, the New York Daily News ran the headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead" a day after President Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.

• In 1979, President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.

In the world

• In 1961, the Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb with a force estimated at 58 megatons.

• In 1961, the Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb.

• In 1995, by a vote of 50.6 percent to 49.4 percent, Federalists prevailed over separatists in Quebec in a secession referendum.

• In 2004, the decapitated body of a Japanese backpacker (Shosei Koda) was found wrapped in an American flag in northwestern Baghdad; the militant group led by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi later claimed responsibility.

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