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In 1904, the Catholic and Presbyterian churches opened their doors for the first time in Fairbanks.
In 1938, the cornerstone was laid for the Shrine of St. Therese Chapel, about 15 miles north of Juneau.
In 1939, compensation for all jurors in Alaska Judicial districts was raised from $4 to $5 per day.
In 1974, President Gerald Ford vetoed a bill designed to protect the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other wildlife preserves from pipeline construction and other industrial uses.
In the nation
In 1938, the radio play "The War of the Worlds," starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS. The live drama, which employed fake breaking news reports, panicked some listeners who thought the portrayal of a Martian invasion was real.
In 1944, the Martha Graham ballet "Appalachian Spring," with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., with Graham in a leading role.
In 1945, the U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing, effective at midnight.
In 1975, the New York Daily News ran the headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead" a day after President Gerald Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.
In 1979, President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals Judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.
In 2002, Walter Mondale returned to politics as Minnesota Democrats approved the former vice president as a fill-in for the late Sen. Paul Wellstone less than a week before the election. Mondale, however, ended up losing to Republican Norm Coleman. Jam Master Jay (Jason Mizell), a rapper with the Run-D.M.C. hip-hop group, was killed in a shooting in New York; he was 37.
In 2006, Mass. Sen. John Kerry told a California college audience that young people who didn't study hard might "get stuck in Iraq," prompting harsh Republican criticism; Kerry later said it was a botched joke against President Bush's handling of the war.
In the world
In 1961, the Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb, the "Tsar Bomba," with a force estimated at about 50 megatons.
In 1961, the Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb.
In 1995, by a razor-thin vote of 50.6 percent to 49.4 percent, federalists prevailed over separatists in a Quebec secession referendum.
In 2002, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's broad-based coalition collapsed when Cabinet ministers from the moderate Labor Party resigned in a dispute over funding for Jewish settlements.
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