This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, November 01, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1959, a uniform statewide liquor sale law went into effect, eliminating 24-hour bar operations.

• In 1966, 4,000 Alaskans greeted President Lyndon Baines Johnson at 11:37 p.m. at Elmendorf Air Force Base. LBJ, who was returning from a 3,500-mile Asian tour, was the third U.S. president to visit Alaska.

• In 1974, about 600 supervisors in the Alaska Public Employees Association walked out in the first strike in the history of Alaska's state government.

• In 1980, the Alaska Miners Association accused President Jimmy Carter of misleading the public on the impact of federal land withdrawals on mining in Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1765, the Stamp Act went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists.

• In 1861, Gen. George B. McClellan was made General-in-Chief of the Union armies, succeeding Winfield Scott.

• In 1870, the United States Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations.

• In 1944, "Harvey," a comedy by Mary Chase about a man and his friend, an invisible 6-foot-tall rabbit, opened on Broadway.

• In 1950, two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington to assassinate President Truman. The attempt failed, and one of the pair was killed.

• In 1973, following the "Saturday Night Massacre," Acting Attorney General Robert H. Bork appointed Leon Jaworski to be the new Watergate special prosecutor, succeeding Archibald Cox.

• In 1991, Clarence Thomas took his place as the newest justice on the Supreme Court.

• In 1996, accused of peddling access to the Oval Office, President Clinton demanded an end to what he called the "escalating arms race" for political money. Bob Dole countered with his own solutions to what he called "a growing scandal" of Democratic financial sins.

• In 2001, President Bush issued an order allowing past presidents, beginning with Ronald Reagan, to have as much say as incumbent presidents in keeping some of their White House papers private. The New York Yankees took a 3-2 lead over the Arizona Diamondbacks as they won Game 5 of the World Series 3-2 in a contest that ended after midnight.

In the world

• In 1512, Michelangelo's paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel were first exhibited to the public.

• In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.

• In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named "Mike," at Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

• In 1954, Algerian nationalists began their successful eight-year rebellion against French rule.

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