This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, November 01, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1959, a statewide liquor sale law went into effect, eliminating 24-hour bar operations.

• In 1966, 4,000 Alaskans greeted President Lyndon B. Johnson at Elmendorf Air Force Base. Johnson. who was returning from a 3,500-mile Asian tour, was the third U.S. president to visit Alaska.

• In 1974, about 600 supervisors in the Alaska Public Employees Association walked out in the first strike in the history of Alaska's state government.

• In 1980, the Alaska Miners Association accused President Jimmy Carter of misleading the public on the effect of federal land withdrawals on mining in Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1765, the Stamp Act went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists.

• In 1861, Gen. George B. McClellan was made general-in-chief of the Union armies, succeeding Winfield Scott.

• In 1870, the U.S. Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations.

• In 1950, two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington, D.C., to assassinate President Harry Truman. The attempt failed, and one of the pair was killed, along with a White House police officer.

• In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Ivy Mike," at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

• In 1973, following the "Saturday Night Massacre," Acting Attorney General Robert H. Bork appointed Leon Jaworski to be the new Watergate special prosecutor, succeeding Archibald Cox.

• In 1996, Chinese President Jiang Zemin defended his government during an appearance at Harvard University, but conceded that China had made mistakes. Meanwhile, about 2,000 people demonstrated outside both for and against the Beijing government.

• In 2002, a federal judge approved most provisions of an antitrust settlement between Microsoft and the Justice Department.

• In 2006, Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass., apologized to "any service member, family member or American" offended by his "botched joke" about how young people might get "stuck in Iraq" if they did not study hard and do their homework. An Ethiopian immigrant was convicted in Lawrenceville, Ga., of the genital mutilation of his 2-year-old daughter in what's believed to be the first such criminal case in the United States. The man was later sentenced to 10 years in prison.

In the world

• In 1512, Michelangelo finished painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican.

• In 1604, William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.

• In 1611, Shakespeare's romantic comedy "The Tempest" was first presented at Whitehall.

• In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.

• In 1954, Algerian nationalists began their successful rebellion against French rule.

• In 2002, a Russian spacecraft carrying two cosmonauts and a Belgian astronaut docked with the international space station. Queen Elizabeth II's surprise revelation that she knew butler Paul Burrell had taken some of Princess Diana's possessions for safekeeping prompted prosecutors to drop theft charges against the servant.

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