This Day in History

Posted: Friday, November 04, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1884, Alaska's first U.S. District Court was formally organized in Sitka.

• In 1928, a windstorm in Cordova did more than $30,000 worth of damage to the town.

• In 1939, a second G-man or FBI Agent was added to the Juneau office.

• In 1974, negotiators for the Alaska Public Employees Association accepted a 15 percent pay increase for striking supervisors, ending the state's first government employee strike.

• In 1979, a rockslide in Juneau destroyed a 40-foot section of the Basin Road trestle, closing access to Gold Creek Basin, a popular hiking area.

• In 1980, Alaska voted to send an all-Republican delegation to Washington D.C. as Frank Murkowski defeated Clark Gruening in the Senate race and incumbent Don Young won re-election.

• In 1986, Steve Cowper was elected as the state of Alaska's seventh governor.

In the nation

• In 1924, Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming was elected the nation's first female governor to serve out the remaining term of her late husband, William B. Ross.

• In 1952, Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson.

• In 1980, Ronald Reagan won the White House as he defeated President Carter by a strong margin.

• In 1991, Ronald Reagan opened his presidential library in Simi Valley, Calif.

• In 2000, President Clinton vetoed a bill that would have criminalized the leaking of government secrets.

• In 2004, following his re-election victory, President Bush pledged to aggressively pursue major changes in Social Security, the tax code and medical malpractice awards. It was announced that Elizabeth Edwards, wife of former Democratic vice-presidential candidate John Edwards, had been diagnosed with breast cancer the day her husband and Sen. John Kerry conceded the presidential race.

In the world

• In 1880, the first cash register was patented by James and John Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.

• In 1884, Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.

• In 1922, the entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered in Egypt.

• In 1942, during World War II, Axis forces retreated from El Alamein in North Africa in a major victory for British forces commanded by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.

• In 1956, Soviet troops moved in to crush the Hungarian Revolution.

• In 1979, the Iranian hostage crisis began as militants stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, seizing its occupants. For some of the hostages, it was the start of 444 days of captivity.

• In 1995, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Israeli minutes after attending a festive peace rally.

• In 2000, Yugoslavia's parliament approved the country's first communist-free government in more than half a century.

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