In 1863, Hudson Stuck, Alaska missionary, mountain climber and author, was born in England.
In 1974, a fast-moving storm with 70 mph winds battered Nome, flooding streets, destroying homes and leaving smaller communities without adequate food and water.
In 1980, Pavlof Volcano, an 8,905-foot peak near Cold Bay, was described as "erupting like a blowtorch" by a Reeve-Aleutian Airways pilot.
In the nation
In 1620, 41 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, anchored off Massachusetts, signed a compact calling for a "body politick."
In 1831, former slave Nat Turner, who had led a violent insurrection, was executed in Jerusalem, Va.
In 1889, Washington became the 42nd state.
In 1921, President Harding dedicated the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
In 1938, Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" on network radio.
In 1966, Gemini 12 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., with astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. aboard.
In 1993, a bronze statue honoring the more than 11,000 American women who had served in the Vietnam War was dedicated in Washington, D.C.
In 1995, with a partial government shutdown looming, President Clinton and Republican congressional leaders clashed over Medicare and bickered over who to include in compromise budget talks.
In 2000, Republicans went to court, seeking an order to block manual recounts from continuing in Florida's razor-thin presidential election.
In the world
In 1918, fighting in World War I came to an end with the signing of an armistice between the Allies and Germany.
In 1942, during World War II, Germany completed its occupation of France.
In 1965, Rhodesia proclaimed its independence from Britain.
In 2000, a cable car crammed with skiers and snowboarders caught fire while being pulled through an Alpine tunnel in Austria, killing 155 people.