This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, November 07, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1893, Richard Harris and Joe Juneau filled their canoe with quartz rock, records and laws, and left for Sitka to report to their backer on their prospecting expedition.

• In 1881, Walter Styles and his wife opened a Presbyterian mission school in Hoonah.

• In 1922, Eben Hobson, a Native leader, was born.

• In 1938, construction began on the breakwater for Juneau's long awaited boat harbor.

• In 1940, while the temperature was minus 15 degrees, a fire destroyed the entire town of McCarthy except for one establishment, Jack O'Neill's General Store.

In the nation

• In 1874, the Republican Party was symbolized as an elephant in a cartoon drawn by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly.

• In 1893, the state of Colorado granted its women the right to vote.

• In 1916, Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.

• In 1940, in Washington state, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, nicknamed "Galloping Gertie," collapsed during a windstorm.

• In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented fourth term in office, defeating Thomas E. Dewey.

• In 1962, Richard M. Nixon, having lost California's gubernatorial race, held what he called his "last press conference," telling reporters, "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore."

• In 1967, Carl Stokes was elected the first black mayor of a major city - Cleveland, Ohio. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a bill establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

• In 1972, President Nixon was re-elected in a landslide over Democrat George McGovern.

• In 1973, Congress overrode President Nixon's veto of the War Powers Act, which limits a chief executive's power to wage war without congressional approval.

• In 2002, in his first news conference since the midterm elections, President George W. Bush, charting an agenda for the new Republican Congress, said that homeland security came first and that an economic-recovery plan with new tax cuts would wait until the next year. Dick Gephardt stepped down as House Democratic leader in the wake of his party's election losses.

• In 2006, Democrats won control of the House and Senate, riding a wave of anger over the Iraq war and congressional scandals. Keith Ellison, a Democratic state lawmaker from Minnesota, became the first Muslim elected to Congress. Dhiren Barot, an al-Qaida operative who had planned to blow up the New York Stock Exchange, the World Bank and landmark London hotels, was sentenced in Britain to life in prison. Pop star Britney Spears filed for divorce from Kevin Federline.

In the world

• In 1917, Russia's Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky.

• In 1997, in a rising war of words, the Clinton administration warned it was considering military options, including a cruise missile strike, if Iraq carried out its threat to shoot down U.N. surveillance planes.

• In 2006, Panama won a seat on the U.N. Security Council after Guatemala and Venezuela dropped out to end a deadlock.

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