In 1897, the Skagway post office was established with William B. Sampson as postmaster.
In 1939, the seventh legal hanging in Alaska occurred in Juneau. Nelson Charles had been convicted of killing his mother-in-law in a drunken rage.
In 1954, the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner published a 144-page "Progress Edition" with dozens of articles discussing current and future economic potential for Alaska. It sold for 25 cents instead of the normal 10 cents.
In 1959, the judge came by plane, the applicants by dogsled. The courtroom was under the wing of a plane, as Judge Vernon Forbes naturalized as U.S. citizens two women who came to Savoonga, Alaska, from Siberia 35 years before.
In 1978, the Iditarod National Historic Trail was designated.
In the nation
In 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
In 1919, the American Legion held its first national convention, in Minneapolis.
In 1951, direct-dial, coast-to-coast telephone service began as Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, N.J., called his counterpart in Alameda, Calif.
In 1954, the Iwo Jima Memorial was dedicated in Arlington, Va.
In 1975, the ore-hauling ship Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew of 29 vanished during a storm in Lake Superior.
In 1982, the newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C.
In 1993, a jury in Manassas, Va., acquitted John Wayne Bobbitt of marital sexual assault against his wife, Lorena, who'd sexually mutilated him. Lorena Bobbitt was later acquitted of malicious wounding. The U.S. House of Representatives passed the so-called "Brady Bill," which called for a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases.
In 2002, Bush administration officials promised "zero-tolerance" if Saddam Hussein refused to comply with international calls to disarm. About a dozen tornadoes killed 36 people in Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi and Pennsylvania.