In 1897, the Skagway post office was established with William B. Sampson as postmaster.
In 1939, the seventh legal hanging in Alaska occurred in Juneau. Nelson Charles had been convicted of killing his mother-in-law in a drunken rage.
In 1978, the Iditarod National Historic Trail was designated.
In the nation
In 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
In 1919, the American Legion held its first national convention, in Minneapolis.
In 1954, the Iwo Jima Memorial, inspired by the famous Associated Press photograph of the raising of the American flag on Mount Suribachi during World War II, was dedicated by President Eisenhower in Arlington, Va.
In 1969, the children's educational program "Sesame Street" made its debut on PBS.
In 1975, the ore-hauling ship Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew of 29 vanished during a storm in Lake Superior.
In 1982, the newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C.
In the world
In 1871, journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in central Africa.
In 1928, Hirohito was enthroned as Emperor of Japan.
In 1942, Winston Chur-chill delivered a speech in London in which he said, "I have not become the King's First Minister to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire."