In 1897, the Skagway post office was established with William B. Sampson as postmaster.
In 1939, the seventh legal hanging in Alaska occurred in Juneau. Nelson Charles had been convicted of killing his mother-in-law in a drunken rage.
In 1954, the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner published a 144-page "Progress Edition" with dozens of articles discussing current and future economic potential for Alaska. It sold for 25 cents instead of the normal 10 cents.
In 1959, the judge came by plane, the applicants by dogsled. The courtroom was under the wing of a plane, as Judge Vernon Forbes naturalized as U.S. citizens two women who came to Savoonga, Alaska from Siberia 35 years before.
In 1978, the Iditarod National Historic Trail was designated.
In the nation
In 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
In 1919, the American Legion held its first national convention, in Minneapolis.
In 1954, the Iwo Jima Memorial was dedicated by President Eisenhower in Arlington, Va.
In 1969, the children's educational program "Sesame Street" made its debut on PBS.
In 1975, the ore-hauling ship Edmund Fitzgerald and its crew of 29 vanished during a storm in Lake Superior.
In 1982, the newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C.
In 2000, the battle over Florida's disputed presidential election continued, with George W. Bush's camp pressing Al Gore to concede without pursuing multiple recounts, and Democrats pressing ahead with protests, determined to find enough votes to erase Bush's razor-thin lead in initial counting.
In 2004, word reached the United States of the death of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat at age 75 (because of the time difference, it was the early hours of Nov. 11 in Paris, where Arafat died). President Bush nominated White House counsel Alberto Gonzales to be attorney general, succeeding John Ashcroft.
In the world
In 1871, journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in central Africa.
In 1928, Hirohito was enthroned as Emperor of Japan.
In 1942, Winston Churchill delivered a speech in London in which he said, "I have not become the King's First Minister to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire."
In 1975, the U.N. General Assembly approved a resolution equating Zionism with racism (the world body repealed the resolution in December 1991).
In 1995, defying international appeals for clemency, Nigeria's military rulers hanged playwright Ken Saro-Wiwa along with eight other anti-government activists. Searchers in Katmandu, Nepal, rescued 549 hikers after a massive avalanche struck the Himalayan foothills, killing 24 tourists and 32 Nepalese.
In 2004, France, the United States and other nations began evacuating thousands of foreigners from Ivory Coast following attacks on civilians and peacekeeping troops.
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