In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1974, a fast-moving storm with 70 mph winds battered Nome, flooding streets, destroying homes and leaving smaller communities without adequate food and water.
In 1980, Pavlof Volcano, an 8,905-foot peak near Cold Bay, was described as "erupting like a blowtorch" by a Reeve-Aleutian Airways pilot.
In the nation
In 1620, 41 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, anchored off Massachusetts, signed a compact calling for a "body politick."
In 1778, British redcoats, Tory rangers and Seneca Indians in central New York state killed more than 40 people in the Cherry Valley Massacre.
In 1831, former slave Nat Turner, who had led a violent insurrection, was executed in Jerusalem, Va.
In 1889, Washington became the 42nd state.
In 1921, President Harding dedicated the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery.
In 1966, Gemini 12 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., with astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. aboard.
In 1987, following the failure of two Supreme Court nominations, President Ronald Reagan announced his choice of Judge Anthony M. Kennedy, who went on to win confirmation.
In 1997, Retired Gen. Colin Powell announced he would not seek the Republican presidential nomination or any other office in 2000, saying he lacked "the passion" for political life. Photography giant Eastman Kodak announced it was cutting 10,000 jobs because of fierce competition from Japan's Fuji Photo Film Co.
In 2006, President Bush marked Veterans Day at Arlington National Cemetery by praising U.S. troops who had fought oppression around the world, yet spoke only briefly about Iraq, where U.S. commanders were re-evaluating strategy. The United States vetoed a U.N. Security Council draft resolution seeking to condemn an Israeli military offensive in the Gaza Strip.
In the world
In 1918, fighting in World War I came to an end with the signing of an armistice between the Allies and Germany.
In 1942, during World War II, Germany completed its occupation of France.
In 1987, Boris Yeltsin, who had criticized the slow pace of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms, was dismissed as Moscow Communist Party chief.
In 2002, Iraqi lawmakers denounced a tough, new U.N. resolution on weapons inspections as dishonest, provocative and worthy of rejection. But the Iraqi parliament said it ultimately would trust whatever President Saddam Hussein decided.
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