In 1912, the steamer Portland, the gold ship that started the Klondike Gold Rush, was wrecked at Katalla.
In 1952, the Juneau Memorial Library was dedicated.
In the nation
In 1815, American suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, N.Y.
In 1920, baseball got its first "czar" as Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was elected commissioner of the American and National leagues.
In 1929, Grace Kelly - future movie star and Princess of Monaco - was born in Philadelphia.
In 1977, the city of New Orleans elected its first black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial.
In 1998, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley filed a $433 million lawsuit against the firearms industry, declaring that it had created a public nuisance by flooding the streets with weapons deliberately marketed to criminals.
In 2001, an American Airlines Airbus A300-600, en route from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport to the Dominican Republic, crashed 103 seconds after takeoff, killing 265 people.
In 2002, former FBI Director William Webster resigned under pressure as head of a special accounting oversight board created by Congress to rebuild public confidence shaken by a cascade of business scandals.
In the world
In 1927, Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.
In 1942, the World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began.
In 1948, former Japanese premier Hideki Tojo and several other World War II Japanese leaders were sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
In 1982, Yuri V. Andropov was elected to succeed the late Leonid I. Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee.
In 1990, Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum Throne.
In 2002, in an audiotaped message, a voice purported to be that of Osama bin Laden praised terrorist strikes in Bali and Moscow and threatened Western nations over any attack on Iraq.