This Day in History

Posted: Monday, November 12, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1912, the steamer Portland, the ship that launched the Klondike Gold Rush, wrecked near Katalla.

• In 1952, the Juneau Memorial Library was dedicated.

• In 1954, Wein Alaska Airways protested the planned closure of U.S. customs stations in Eagle and Fort Yukon, citing adverse impact on tourist flights. (Planes from Canada would have to check in at Fairbanks before travelling to any Alaska village and before leaving Alaska.)

• In 1980, the U.S. House of Representatives adopted the Senate version of the Alaska D-2 Lands Bill.

In the nation

• In 1977, the city of New Orleans elected its first black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial, the winner of a runoff.

• In 1987, the American Medical Association issued a policy statement saying it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person had AIDS or was HIV-positive.

• In 2001, American Airlines Flight 587, en route from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport to the Dominican Republic, crashed after takeoff, killing 265 people.

• In 1997, Ramzi Yousef was convicted in New York of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center. Jury selection began in Sacramento, Calif., in the trial of accused Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski.

• In 2002, former FBI Director William Webster resigned under pressure as head of a special accounting oversight board created by Congress to rebuild public confidence shaken by a cascade of business scandals.

• In 2004, a jury in Redwood City, Calif., convicted Scott Peterson of murdering his pregnant wife, Laci, and dumping her body in San Francisco Bay. (Peterson, who maintains his innocence, was later sentenced to death.)

In the world

• In 1927, Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.

• In 1942, the World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. (The Allies ended up winning a major victory over the Japanese.)

• In 1948, former Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo and several other World War II Japanese leaders were sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.

• In 1982, Yuri V. Andropov was elected to succeed the late Leonid I. Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee.

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