In 1835, Robert Kennicott, naturalist and explorer, was born.
In 1943, a fire in downtown Fairbanks caused more than $50,000 damage.
In 1954, a spokesman from Standard Oil Co. told an "All-Alaska Chamber of Commerce" meeting that Alaska's oil development prospects were very good.
In the nation
In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.
In 1940, the Walt Disney animated movie "Fantasia" had its world premiere in New York.
In 1942, the minimum draft age was lowered from 21 to 18.
In 1956, the Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.
In 1971, the U.S. space probe Mariner 9 went into orbit around Mars.
In 1977, the comic strip "Li'l Abner" by Al Capp appeared in newspapers for the last time.
In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington.
In 1998, President Clinton agreed to pay Paula Jones $850,000 to drop her sexual harassment lawsuit, ending the legal battle that spurred impeachment proceedings against him.
In 2001, U.S. Roman Catholic bishops overwhelmingly approved a compromise sexual-abuse policy after the Vatican demanded they make changes to balance fairness to priests with compassion for victims.
In the world
In 1985, some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, died when a gigantic mudslide buried the city.
In 2001, claiming Iraq was seeking the "path of peace," Saddam Hussein's government agreed to the return of international weapons inspectors.