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In 1909, W.D. Wheeler of Fairbanks narrowly escaped death when an 18-pound crowbar fell from a second-story window in a government warehouse.
In 1943, a fire in downtown Fairbanks caused more than $50,000 in damage.
In 1954, a spokesman from Standard Oil Co. told an All-Alaska Chamber of Commerce meeting that Alaska's oil development prospects were very good.
In the nation
In 1789, Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a friend, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."
In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between lower Manhattan and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.
In 1937, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, formed exclusively for radio broadcasting, made its debut.
In 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.
In 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public city and state buses.
In 1974, Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., died in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter.
In 1977, Al Capp's comic strip "Li'l Abner" appeared in newspapers for the last time.
In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
In 1997, a stage musical adaptation of the Disney film "The Lion King" opened on Broadway.
In the world
In 1775, during the American Revolution, the Continental Army captured Montreal.
In 1971, the U.S. space probe Mariner 9 went into orbit around Mars.
In 1985, some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, died when a gigantic mudslide buried the city.
In 2002, U.S. Roman Catholic bishops overwhelmingly approved a compromise sex abuse policy after the Vatican demanded they make changes to balance fairness to priests with compassion for victims.
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