This Day in History

Posted: Monday, November 15, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1907, the business section of the mining town of Cleary was destroyed by fire.

• In 1910, Cape Hinchinbrook light station was placed in service at the entrance to Prince William Sound.

• In 1917, the halibut steamer Manhattan was wrecked near Lituya Bay in Southeast Alaska.

• In 1949, Cecil Moore left Fairbanks, beginning a 5000-mile trek by dogsled to Lewiston, Missouri. He was hoping to take about 120 days.

• In 1979, 100 mph winds lashed Anchorage, knocking down trees, flipping air planes, and damaging buildings.

In the nation

• In 1777, the Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the Constitution of the United States.

• In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as Pikes Peak.

• In 1926, the National Broadcasting Co. debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.

• In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.

• In 1940, the first 75,000 men were called to armed forces duty under peacetime conscription.

• In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic.

• In 1969, thousands of protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington, D.C., against the Vietnam War.

• In 1984, Baby Fae, the month-old infant who had received a baboon's heart to replace her own congenitally deformed one, died at a California medical center almost three weeks after the transplant.

• In 1994, the Federal Reserve increased key interest rates by three-quarters of a percentage point, the largest hike in 13 years.

• In 1999, the Clinton administration claimed victory in a seven-year struggle to persuade Congress to pay nearly $1 billion dollars in back dues to the United Nations, saying restrictions in the deal on backing for international family planning would have no practical effect.

• In 2003, Democrat Kathleen Blanco was elected the first female governor of Louisiana, defeating Republican Bobby Jindal in a runoff contest. Death claimed billionaire Laurence Tisch at age 80 and actress Dorothy Loudon at age 70.

In the world

• In 1889, Brazil's monarchy was overthrown.

• In 1948, William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years; he was succeeded by Louis St. Laurent.

• In 1982, funeral services were held in Moscow's Red Square for the late Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.

• In 2003, two Black Hawk helicopters collided and crashed in Iraq; 17 U.S. troops were killed.

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