In 1907, the business section of the mining town of Cleary was destroyed by fire.
In 1910, Cape Hinchinbrook light station was placed in service at the entrance to Prince William Sound.
In 1917, the halibut steamer Manhattan was wrecked near Lituya Bay in Southeast Alaska.
In 1949, Cecil Moore left Fairbanks, beginning a 5000-mile trek by dogsled to Lewiston, Missouri. He was hoping to take about 120 days.
In 1979, 100 mph winds lashed Anchorage, knocking down trees, flipping air planes, and damaging buildings.
In the nation
In 1777, the Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the Constitution of the United States.
In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as Pikes Peak.
In 1926, the National Broadcasting Co. debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.
In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
In 1940, the first 75,000 men were called to armed forces duty under peacetime conscription.
In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic.
In 1969, thousands of protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington, D.C., against the Vietnam War.
In 1984, Baby Fae, the month-old infant who had received a baboon's heart to replace her own congenitally deformed one, died at a California medical center almost three weeks after the transplant.
In 1994, the Federal Reserve increased key interest rates by three-quarters of a percentage point, the largest hike in 13 years.
In 1999, the Clinton administration claimed victory in a seven-year struggle to persuade Congress to pay nearly $1 billion dollars in back dues to the United Nations, saying restrictions in the deal on backing for international family planning would have no practical effect.
In 2003, Democrat Kathleen Blanco was elected the first female governor of Louisiana, defeating Republican Bobby Jindal in a runoff contest. Death claimed billionaire Laurence Tisch at age 80 and actress Dorothy Loudon at age 70.
In the world
In 1889, Brazil's monarchy was overthrown.
In 1948, William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years; he was succeeded by Louis St. Laurent.
In 1982, funeral services were held in Moscow's Red Square for the late Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.
In 2003, two Black Hawk helicopters collided and crashed in Iraq; 17 U.S. troops were killed.