In 1907, the business section of the mining town of Cleary was destroyed by fire.
In 1910, Cape Hinchinbrook light station was placed in service at the entrance to Prince William Sound.
In 1917, the halibut steamer Manhattan was wrecked near Lituya Bay in Southeast Alaska.
In 1949, Cecil Moore left Fairbanks, beginning a 5,000-mile trek by dogsled to Lewiston, Mo. He was hoping to take about 120 days.
In 1979, 100 mph winds lashed Anchorage, knocking down trees, flipping airplanes and damaging buildings.
In the nation
In 1777, the Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the Constitution of the United States.
In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as "Pikes Peak."
In 1926, the National Broadcasting Co. debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.
In 1939, President Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
In 1940, the first 75,000 men were called to armed forces duty under peacetime conscription.
In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic.
In 1969, 250,000 protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington against the Vietnam War.
In 2000, Al Gore made a surprise proposal for a statewide hand recount of Florida's 6 million ballots - an idea immediately rejected by George W. Bush. Earlier, Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris had rejected requests from the counties to update presidential vote totals with the results of hand recounts under way at Gore's urging.
In 2004, the White House announced that Secretary of State Colin Powell was leaving President Bush's Cabinet, along with Education Secretary Rod Paige, Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman and Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham.
In the world
In 1889, Brazil's monarchy was overthrown.
In 1948, William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years; he was succeeded by Louis St. Laurent.
In 1982, funeral services were held in Moscow's Red Square for the late Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.
In 1985, Britain and Ireland signed an accord giving Dublin an official consultative role in governing Northern Ireland.
In 2004, the U.N. Security Council imposed an arms embargo on Ivory Coast's hard-line government after its violent confrontation with France.