This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, November 16, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1904, the first winter mail from Fairbanks arrived at Valdez over the trail.

• In 1928, the Juneau High School building was dedicated. It later became Capital Elementary School.

• In 1973, construction of the trans-Alaska oil pipeline was authorized by President Richard Nixon.

• In 1979, the first auction of barley harvested at Delta Junction (part of the "Barley Project") lasted 15 minutes with 140 tons going for $20,800. Anchorage developers with European financing announced plans to build a 400-room hotel, a 120,000 square-foot office building, and 129 condominiums on the site of the former Alaska-Juneau Gold Mill. Plans were scrapped for the hotel, but plans are being made to re-open the mine itself.

In the nation

• In 1776, British troops captured Fort Washington in New York during the American Revolution.

• In 1907, Oklahoma became the 46th state of the union.

• In 1908, conductor Arturo Toscanini made his debut with the New York Metropolitan Opera as he led a performance of Verdi's "Aida."

• In 1959, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "The Sound of Music" opened on Broadway.

• In 1966, Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard was acquitted in his second trial of murdering his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954.

• In 1973, Skylab 4, carrying a crew of three astronauts, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on an 84-day mission.

• In 1982, an agreement was announced in the 57th day of a strike by National Football League players.

• In 1998, the Supreme Court ruled that union members can file discrimination lawsuits against employers even when labor contracts require arbitration. House Democrats re-elected Dick Gephardt as their leader.

• In 2007, Senate Republicans blocked a $50 billion bill by Democrats that would have paid for several months of combat but also would have ordered troop withdrawals from Iraq to begin within 30 days. Marchers surrounded the Justice Department headquarters to demand federal intervention in the Jena Six case in Louisiana and stepped-up enforcement of hate crimes.

In the world

• In 1885, Canadian rebel leader Louis Riel was executed for high treason.

• In 1917, Georges Clemenceau again became prime minister of France.

• In 1933, the United States and the Soviet Union established diplomatic relations.

• In 2003, Serbs failed for the third time in a year to elect a president because of low voter turnout. Bettina Goislard, a French United Nations worker, was shot and killed in Afghanistan.

• In 2007, Poland's new prime minister, Donald Tusk, formally took office along with a team of former anti-communist dissidents.

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