This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, November 20, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1856, Peter Trimble Rowe, who became the first Episcopal bishop of Alaska, was born in Ontario, Canada.

• In 1939, an earthslide caused by heavy rains forced the A-J Mine in Juneau to halt operations for nearly 20 hours until repairs were made.

• In 1942, the Alaska-Canadian Highway was opened to the public with a ceremony at Whitehorse, Yukon. The Whittier-Portage tunnel was holed through, making the port accessible to Anchorage.

• In 1959, Federal Judge Vernon Forbes ruled that the state liquor regulations that went into effect earlier in the month were invalid because of an "improper regulation of authority."

In the nation

• In 1789, New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.

• In 1929, the radio program "The Rise of the Goldbergs" debuted on the NBC Blue Network.

• In 1967, the Census Clock at the Commerce Department ticked past 200 million.

• In 1980, faced with disastrous reviews from New York critics, United Artists announced it was withdrawing its $36 million movie "Heaven's Gate" for re-editing.

• In 1995, federal employees idled during a government shutdown returned to their jobs.

• In 2000, lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush battled before the Florida Supreme Court over whether the presidential election recount should be allowed to continue.

• In 2004, Republicans whisked a $388 billion spending bill through the House.

In the world

• In 1910, revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I. Madero.

• In 1943, during World War II, U.S. Marines began landing on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands, encountering fierce resistance from Japanese forces but emerging victorious three days later.

• In 1945, 24 Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.

• In 1947, Britain's future queen, Princess Elizabeth, married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in a ceremony broadcast worldwide from Westminster Abbey.

• In 1959, the United Nations issued its "Declaration of the Rights of the Child."

• In 1975, after nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain's General Francisco Franco died, two weeks before his 83rd birthday.

• In 1995, BBC Television broadcast an interview with Princess Diana, who admitted being unfaithful to Prince Charles.

• In 2000, Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori resigned, ending a 10-year reign.

• In 2004, Palestinians formally opened the campaign for a successor to Yasser Arafat.

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