In 1856, Peter Trimble Rowe, who became the first Episcopal bishop of Alaska, was born in Ontario, Canada.
In 1939, an earthslide caused by heavy rains forced the A-J Mine in Juneau to halt operations for nearly 20 hours until repairs were made.
In 1942, the Alaska-Canadian Highway was opened to the public with a ceremony at Whitehorse, Yukon. The Whittier-Portage tunnel was holed through, making the port accessible to Anchorage.
In 1959, Federal Judge Vernon Forbes ruled that the state liquor regulations that went into effect earlier in the month were invalid because of an "improper regulation of authority."
In the nation
In 1789, New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
In 1929, the radio program "The Rise of the Goldbergs" debuted on the NBC Blue Network.
In 1967, the Census Clock at the Commerce Department ticked past 200 million.
In 1980, faced with disastrous reviews from New York critics, United Artists announced it was withdrawing its $36 million movie "Heaven's Gate" for re-editing.
In 1995, federal employees idled during a government shutdown returned to their jobs.
In 2000, lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush battled before the Florida Supreme Court over whether the presidential election recount should be allowed to continue.
In 2004, Republicans whisked a $388 billion spending bill through the House.
In the world
In 1910, revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I. Madero.
In 1943, during World War II, U.S. Marines began landing on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands, encountering fierce resistance from Japanese forces but emerging victorious three days later.
In 1945, 24 Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.
In 1947, Britain's future queen, Princess Elizabeth, married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, in a ceremony broadcast worldwide from Westminster Abbey.
In 1959, the United Nations issued its "Declaration of the Rights of the Child."
In 1975, after nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain's General Francisco Franco died, two weeks before his 83rd birthday.
In 1995, BBC Television broadcast an interview with Princess Diana, who admitted being unfaithful to Prince Charles.
In 2000, Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori resigned, ending a 10-year reign.
In 2004, Palestinians formally opened the campaign for a successor to Yasser Arafat.