In 1909, all Fairbanks residents started setting their watches according to the big clock in front of Jack Sale's Jewelry Store. Previously, nearly every watch and clock in town had been set according to its owners fancy.
In 1916, Jack London, widely known for his Alaska fiction, died in California.
In 1949, under the new Alaska Public Works Act, the U.S. Bureau of Community Facilities began the job of determining how to spend $5 million in Alaska.
In 1974, Jay Hammond was finally certified as the winner in a tight gubernatorial race with incumbent William Egan. Hammond had a reported 45,483 votes to Egan's 45,118, a difference of 365 votes.
In the nation
In 1718, English pirate Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard, was killed during a battle off the Virginia coast.
In 1943, lyricist Lorenz Hart died in New York at age 48.
In 1963, President Kennedy was shot to death while riding in a motorcade in Dallas. Texas Gov. John B. Connally, in the same limousine as Kennedy, was seriously wounded. Suspect Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested.
In 1994, a gunman opened fire inside the District of Columbia's police headquarters. The resulting gunbattle left two FBI agents, a city detective and the gunman dead.
In 2003, the Medicare prescription drug bill narrowly passed the House, 220-215, following a dusk-to-dawn debate. Thousands of mourners gathered in downtown Dallas along the street where President John F. Kennedy was assassinated 40 years earlier. College student Dru Sjodin disappeared while leaving her job at a Grand Forks, N.D., mall. Her body was found the following April. A suspect, Alfonso Rodriguez Jr., has pleaded innocent to kidnapping resulting in Sjodin's death.
In the world
In 1906, the "S-O-S" distress signal was adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
In 1928, "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel made its debut in Paris.
In 1935, a flying boat, the "China Clipper," took off from Alameda, Calif., carrying more than 100,000 pieces of mail on the first trans-Pacific airmail flight.
In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo to discuss measures for defeating Japan.
In 1975, Juan Carlos was proclaimed King of Spain.
In 1977, regular passenger service between New York and Europe on the supersonic Concorde began on a trial basis.