In 1909, all Fairbanks residents started setting their watches according to the big clock in front of Jack Sale's Jewelry Store. Previously, nearly every watch and clock in town had been set according to its owners fancy.
In 1949, under the new Alaska Public Works Act, the U.S. Bureau of Community Facilities began the job of determining how to spend $5 million in Alaska.
In 1974, Jay Hammond was finally certified as the winner in a tight gubernatorial race with incumbent William Egan. Hammond had a reported 45,483 votes to Egan's 45,118, a difference of 365 votes.
In the nation
In 1935, a flying boat, the China Clipper, took off from Alameda, Calif., carrying more than 100,000 pieces of mail on the first trans-Pacific airmail flight.
In 1963, President Kennedy was shot to death while riding in a motorcade in Dallas. Texas Gov. John B. Connally, in the same limousine as Kennedy, was seriously wounded. Suspect Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested.
In 1995, the Commerce Department reported the U.S. trade deficit had narrowed to its lowest level in nine months.
In 2000, amid the Florida recount battle, Republican vice-presidential candidate Dick Cheney was hospitalized with what doctors called a "very slight" heart attack.
In the world
In 1906, the "SOS" distress signal was adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
In 1928, "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel made its debut in Paris.
In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo to discuss measures for defeating Japan.
In 1975, Juan Carlos was proclaimed King of Spain.
In 1977, regular passenger service between New York and Europe on the supersonic Concorde began on a trial basis.
In 1990, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, having failed to win re-election of the Conservative Party leadership on the first ballot, announced her resignation.
In 1995, acting swiftly to boost the Balkan peace accord, the U.N. Security Council suspended economic sanctions against Serbia and eased the arms embargo against the states of the former Yugoslavia.
In 2000, Valentin Paniagua became Peru's interim president, following the resignation of Alberto Fujimori.
In 2004, tens of thousands of demonstrators jammed downtown Kiev, denouncing Ukraine's presidential runoff election as fraudulent and chanting the name of their reformist candidate, Viktor Yushchenko, who ended up winning a revote the following month. Iran said it had frozen all uranium enrichment programs.