This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, November 26, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1867, the first bill was introduced in the U.S. Congress to "organize the Territory of Alaska." It failed to get a hearing.

• In 1922, the Alaska Electric Light & Power Company installed Juneau's first radio broadcast station at its Front Street office.

• In 1949, 21,700 barrels of asphalt to pave runways at Anchorage International Airport arrived in Seward.

• In 1958, William Egan was elected as Alaska's first Governor in the state's first general election.

In the nation

• In 1825, the first college social fraternity, Kappa Alpha, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, N.Y.

• In 1832, public streetcar service began in New York City. The fare: 12 1/2 cents.

• In 1942, President Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, beginning Dec. 1. The motion picture "Casablanca," starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York.

• In 1973, President Nixon's personal secretary, Rose Mary Woods, told a federal court that she'd accidentally caused part of the 18 1/2 minute gap in a key Watergate tape.

• In 1986, President Reagan appointed a commission headed by former Sen. John Tower to investigate his National Security Council staff in the wake of the Iran-Contra affair.

• In 1996, O.J. Simpson finished three days of testimony at a civil trial in Santa Monica, Calif. President Clinton ended his 12-day Pacific trip with a stopover in Thailand. Major-league baseball owners reversed course, approving the same collective bargaining agreement they had rejected just three weeks earlier.

• In 2001, President Bush appealed to Congress to outlaw human cloning after scientists in Worcester, Mass., reported they had created the first cloned human embryo. The National Bureau of Economic Research, the recognized arbiter of when recessions begin and end in the United States, declared that the country had entered a downturn the previous March.

In the world

• In 1943, during World War II, the HMT Rohna, a British transport ship carrying American soldiers, was hit by a German missile off Algeria; 1,138 men were killed, including 1,015 American troops.

• In 1949, India adopted a constitution as a republic within the British Commonwealth.

• In 1950, China entered the Korean conflict, launching a counteroffensive against soldiers from the United Nations, the U.S. and South Korea.

• In 1965, France launched its first satellite, sending a 92-pound capsule into orbit.

• In 2005, four members of the Chicago-based aid group Christian Peacemaker Teams - an American, a Briton and two Canadians - were taken hostage in Iraq. (The American, Tom Fox, was later killed; the others were released.)

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