In 1859, Elmer J. White, who became known as "Stroller" White, was born in Ohio. Mount Stroller White - near the Mendenhall Glacier - was named after this newspaperman.
In 1969, a massive rockslide buried Ketchikan's new Lake Silvis hydroelectric plant.
In 1980, three top Alaska military commanders and the state Department of Natural Resources signed an agreement giving the state and the public far greater control over military use of state land.
In the nation
In 1925, the Grand Ole Opry, Nashville's famed home of country music, made its radio debut on station WSM.
In 1942, nearly 500 people died in a fire that destroyed the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston.
In 1963, President Johnson announced that Cape Canaveral would be renamed Cape Kennedy in honor of his assassinated predecessor (however, the name was changed back to Cape Canaveral in 1973).
In 1964, the United States launched the space probe Mariner Four on a course to Mars.
In 1975, President Ford nominated Federal Judge John Paul Stevens to the U.S. Supreme Court seat vacated by William O. Douglas.
In 1999, some Republicans expressed disappointment and outrage over President Clinton's written responses to 81 questions from the House Judiciary Committee concerning the Monica Lewinsky affair, with one accusing the president of "word games."
In 2001, Enron Corp., once the world's largest energy trader, collapsed after would-be rescuer Dynegy Inc. backed out of an $8.4 billion takeover deal.
In the world
In 1520, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.
In 1919, American-born Lady Astor was elected the first female member of the British Parliament.
In 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran during World War II.
In 1958, the African nation of Chad became an autonomous republic within the French community.
In 1990, Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister of Britain during an audience with Queen Elizabeth II, who conferred the premiership on John Major.
In 1994, the British government confirmed reports of contacts with the Irish Republican Army that were aimed at ending the violence in British-ruled Northern Ireland.