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In 1969, a massive rockslide buried Ketchikan's new Lake Silvis hydroelectric plant.
In 1980, three top Alaska military commanders and the State Department of Natural Resources signed an agreement giving the state and the public far greater control over military use of state land.
In the nation
In 1907, future movie producer Louis B. Mayer opened his first movie theater in Haverhill, Mass.
In 1942, nearly 500 people died in a fire that destroyed the Coconut Grove nightclub in Boston.
In 1964, the United States launched the space probe Mariner 4 on a course to Mars.
In 2001, Enron Corp. collapsed after would-be rescuer Dynegy Inc. backed out of an $8.4 billion deal to take it over.
In the world
In 1520, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.
In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin began conferring in Tehran during World War II.
In 1979, an Air New Zealand DC-10 en route to the South Pole crashed into a mountain in Antarctica, killing all 257 people aboard.
In 1987, a South African Airways Boeing 747 crashed into the Indian Ocean with the loss of all 159 people aboard.
In 1990, Margaret Thatcher resigned as British prime minister during an audience with Queen Elizabeth II, who conferred the premiership on John Major.
In 1997, India's powerful Congress Party withdrew its support from India's ruling coalition, forcing Prime Minister Inder Kumar Gujral to resign.
In 2002, in twin attacks in Kenya, three suicide bombers killed 14 people at an Israeli-owned hotel, while at least two missiles were fired at - but missed - an Israeli jetliner taking off from Mombasa airport.