In 1929, A search was begun for Carl Ben Eielson, pioneer Alaska pilot, who was missing for two weeks on a trip to Cape North, Siberia, to salvage furs from an ice-bound ship. His body was later found on Feb. 18, 1930, concluding a 100-day search. It was suspected a white-out and a faulty altimeter caused the crash.
In 1930, Mining operations were suspended at the big copper mine at Latouche.
In 1953, The Alaska Native Service Hospital in Anchorage was opened for public inspection.
In 1979, "Alaska's Grand Old Adventurer," 74-year old Norman Vaughn, reached the South Pole for the second time as part of a group commemorating Admiral Byrd's 1929 expedition, of which Vaughn was a member.
In the nation
In 1864, a Colorado militia killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians in the Sand Creek Massacre.
In 1929, Navy Lt. Cmdr. Richard E. Byrd radioed that he'd made the first airplane flight over the South Pole.
In 1952, President-elect Eisenhower kept his campaign promise to visit Korea to assess the ongoing conflict.
In 1961, "Enos" the chimp was launched from Cape Canaveral aboard the Mercury-Atlas 5 spacecraft, which orbited earth twice before returning.
In 1963, President Lyndon Johnson named a commission headed by Earl Warren to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
In 1967, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announced he was leaving the Johnson administration to become president of the World Bank.
In 1981, actress Natalie Wood drowned in a boating accident off Santa Catalina Island, Calif., at age 43.
In 1986, actor Cary Grant died in Davenport, Iowa, at age 82.
In 2001, George Harrison, the "quiet Beatle," died in Los Angeles following a battle with cancer; he was 58. "A Separate Peace" author John Knowles died in Florida at age 75.
In the world
In 1924, Italian composer Giacomo Puccini died in Brussels before he could complete his opera "Turandot." (It was finished by Franco Alfano.)
In 1947, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the partitioning of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
In 1987, a Korean Air jetliner disappeared off Burma, with the loss of all 115 people aboard; South Korean authorities claimed North Korean agents had planted a bomb aboard the aircraft.
In 1992, A refugee center in western Germany was firebombed as violence against foreigners continued, despite a police crackdown on neo-Nazis.
In 2001, The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved a resolution extending the U.N. humanitarian program in Iraq and setting the stage for an overhaul of U.N. sanctions against Baghdad the following year.