In 1929, a search was begun for Carl Ben Eielson, pioneer Alaskan pilot, who was missing for two weeks on a trip to Cape North, Siberia, to salvage furs from an ice-bound ship. His body was later found on February 18, 1930, concluding a 100-day search. It was suspected a white-out and a faulty altimeter caused the crash.
In 1930, mining operations were suspended at the big copper mine at Latouche.
In 1953, the Alaska Native Service Hospital in Anchorage was opened for public inspection.
In 1979, "Alaska's Grand Old Adventurer," 74-year old Norman Vaughn, reached the South Pole for the second time as part of a group commemorating Admiral Byrd's 1929 expedition, of which Vaughn was a member.
In the nation
In 1864, a Colorado militia killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians in the Sand Creek Massacre.
In 1961, "Enos" the chimp was launched from Cape Canaveral aboard the Mercury-Atlas 5 spacecraft, which orbited earth twice before returning.
In 1963, President Lyndon Johnson named a commission headed by Earl Warren to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
In 1964, the U.S. Roman Catholic Church instituted sweeping changes in the liturgy, including the use of English instead of Latin.
In 1981, actress Natalie Wood drowned in a boating accident off Santa Catalina Island, Calif., at age 43.
In 1986, actor Cary Grant died in Davenport, Iowa, at age 82.
In 1994, the House passed the revised General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade by a vote of 288-146.
In 1999, game show host Gene Rayburn died in Gloucester, Mass., at age 81.
In 2001, former Beatle George Harrison died in Los Angeles following a battle with cancer. He was 58.
In the world
In 1924, Italian composer Giacomo Puccini died in Brussels before he could complete his opera "Turandot." It was finished by Franco Alfano.
In 1929, Navy Lt. Cmdr. Richard E. Byrd radioed that he'd made the first airplane flight over the South Pole.
In 1947, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the partitioning of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
In 1952, President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower kept his campaign promise to visit Korea to assess the ongoing conflict.