This Day in History

Posted: Monday, December 01, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1894, the Yukon Order of Pioneers was organized at Forty Mile on the Yukon River.

• In 1935, the University of Alaska Library at Fairbanks moved into the new library/gymnasium building. It took 13 hours to move 12,000 books.

• In 1953, the Chugach Electric Company began operating the Knik Arm Power Facility on Ship Creek near Anchorage.

• In 1973, the Snettisham Hydroelectric Plant, which supplies Juneau with most of its electricity, was inaugurated.

• In 1978, President Jimmy Carter invoked the 1906 Antiquities Act to designate 56 million acres of land in Alaska as national monuments. (He did this after Congress failed to pass a D-2 law and before protection under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act ended December 18.)

• In 1980, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Cecil Andrus finalized approval for the Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline right-of-way across federal lands from the North Slope into Canada. (The line has yet to be built.)

• In 1986, Steve Cowper took office as the seventh governor of the state of Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1824, the presidential election was turned over to the House of Representatives when a deadlock developed between John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay. Adams ended up the winner.

• In 1903, "The Great Train Robbery," Edwin S. Porter's highly influential silent film Western, was registered for copyright on or about the date of its public premiere in New York.

• In 1913, the first drive-in automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh.

• In 1942, nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States.

• In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala. city bus. Parks was arrested, sparking a yearlong boycott of the buses by blacks.

• In 1958, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Flower Drum Song" opened on Broadway.

• In 1969, the U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.

• In 1993, eighteen people were killed when a Northwest Airlink commuter plane crashed in Minnesota.

• In 1998, Exxon agreed to buy Mobil for $73.7 billion.

• In 2002, Edward Latimer "Ned" Beach, the U.S. Navy captain who wrote the best-selling undersea thriller "Run Silent, Run Deep" died in Washington at age 84.

In the world

• In 1934, Sergei M. Kirov, a collaborator of Josef Stalin, was assassinated in Leningrad, resulting in a massive purge.

• In 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their Tehran conference.

• In 1973, David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, died in Tel Aviv at age 87.

• In 1998, Cuba's Communist Party recommended that Dec. 25 be re-established as a permanent holiday.

• In 2002, Colombia's largest right-wing paramilitary group began a unilateral cease-fire in its long-running battle against leftist rebels. Russia won its first Davis Cup title by rallying to beat defending champion France 3-2.

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