In 1894, the Yukon Order of Pioneers was organized at Forty Mile on the Yukon River.
In 1935, the University of Alaska Library at Fairbanks moved into the new library/gymnasium building. It took 13 hours to move 12,000 books.
In 1953, the Chugach Electric Company began operating the Knik Arm Power Facility on Ship Creek near Anchorage.
In 1973, the Snettisham Hydroelectric Plant, which supplies Juneau with most of its electricity, was inaugurated.
In 1978, President Jimmy Carter invoked the 1906 Antiquities Act to designate 56 million acres of land in Alaska as national monuments. (He did this after Congress failed to pass a D-2 law and before protection under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act ended December 18.)
In 1980, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Cecil Andrus finalized approval for the Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline right-of-way across federal lands from the North Slope into Canada. (The line has yet to be built.)
In 1986, Steve Cowper took office as the seventh governor of the state of Alaska.
In the nation
In 1824, the presidential election was turned over to the House of Representatives when a deadlock developed between John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay. Adams ended up the winner.
In 1903, "The Great Train Robbery," Edwin S. Porter's highly influential silent film Western, was registered for copyright on or about the date of its public premiere in New York.
In 1913, the first drive-in automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh.
In 1942, nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States.
In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala. city bus. Parks was arrested, sparking a yearlong boycott of the buses by blacks.
In 1958, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Flower Drum Song" opened on Broadway.
In 1969, the U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.
In 1993, eighteen people were killed when a Northwest Airlink commuter plane crashed in Minnesota.
In 1998, Exxon agreed to buy Mobil for $73.7 billion.
In 2002, Edward Latimer "Ned" Beach, the U.S. Navy captain who wrote the best-selling undersea thriller "Run Silent, Run Deep" died in Washington at age 84.
In the world
In 1934, Sergei M. Kirov, a collaborator of Josef Stalin, was assassinated in Leningrad, resulting in a massive purge.
In 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their Tehran conference.
In 1973, David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, died in Tel Aviv at age 87.
In 1998, Cuba's Communist Party recommended that Dec. 25 be re-established as a permanent holiday.
In 2002, Colombia's largest right-wing paramilitary group began a unilateral cease-fire in its long-running battle against leftist rebels. Russia won its first Davis Cup title by rallying to beat defending champion France 3-2.
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