In 1903, the B.M. Behrends Mercantile Company was incorporated in Juneau.
In 1959, Phil Holdsworth, then commissioner of natural resources, said "We'll flood the Bureau of Land Management with applications in the next six months," as the state increased the pace of acquiring the 104 million acres of land granted by the Statehood Act.
In 1974, Jay S. Hammond took office as the fifth governor of Alaska.
In 1980, the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act was signed into law by President Jimmy Carter.
In the nation
In 1823, President Monroe outlined his doctrine opposing European expansion in the Western Hemisphere.
In 1859, militant abolitionist John Brown was hanged for his raid on Harper's Ferry the previous October.
In 1942, a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction was demonstrated for the first time at the University of Chicago.
In 1954, the Senate voted to condemn Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis., for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute."
In 1982, in the first operation of its kind, doctors at the University of Utah Medical Center implanted a permanent artificial heart in the chest of retired dentist Dr. Barney Clark, who lived 112 days with the device.
In 1998, former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy was acquitted of all counts in a corruption case involving sports tickets and travel that he'd accepted from companies that did business with his department.
In 2001, in one of the largest corporate bankruptcies in U.S. history, Enron filed for Chapter 11 protection.
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