In 1905, Roald Amundsen, en route through the Northwest Passage, reached Eagle from Herschel Island. He left his ship, the Gjoa, in frozen ice and sledded to Eagle to telegraph his crossing.
In 1914, the Juneau Public Library opened with 1,000 volumes.
In 1966, Walter J. Hickel took office as the second governor of the State of Alaska.
In 1970, William A. Egan took office again as the fourth governor of the State of Alaska. He was also the first.
In the nation
In 1776, the first scholastic fraternity in America, Phi Beta Kappa, was organized at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va.
In 1792, George Washington was re-elected president; John Adams was re-elected vice president.
In 1831, former President John Quincy Adams took his seat as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1848, President Polk triggered the Gold Rush of 1949 by confirming that gold had been discovered in California.
In 1933, national Prohibition came to an end as Utah became the 36th state to ratify the 21st Amendment to the Constitution, repealing the 18th Amendment.
In 1955, the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merged to form the AFL-CIO under its first president, George Meany.
In 1994, Republicans chose Newt Gingrich to be the first GOP speaker of the House in four decades.
In 1995, in the first hint of movement at budget talks, White House officials and Democratic congressional leaders said they were preparing a seven-year budget-balancing plan.
In 2000, Florida's highest court kept the presidential race on the legal fast track, agreeing to a speedy hearing of Al Gore's appeal of a ruling that in effect awarded George W. Bush the state's 25 electoral votes.
In the world
In 1932, German physicist Albert Einstein was granted a visa, making it possible for him to travel to the United States.