I am writing to point out a factual error in Michael Heiman's My Turn essay, published on Nov. 30. He wrote "the vote for war against terror was unanimous." That's not true, according to the public records.
Barbara Lee of California voted nay in 2001. More than 20 percent of the Congress voted nay in 2002.
When I started checking this with the roll call votes in the U.S. Congress, I found two relevant resolutions: 1) In 2001, HJ Resolution 64, which authorized the use of United States armed forces against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States, and 2) in 2002, HJ Resolution 114, which authorized the use of United States armed forces against Iraq. Both of these actions passed the House and the Senate.
Ten representatives did not vote and one representative voted nay in roll call 342, authorizing the use of armed forces against terrorists. Ninety-eight senators voted yea and two senators did not vote in roll call 281, authorizing the use of armed forces against terrorists.
The other resolution specific to military action in Iraq was debated, voted on and passed in 2002. One hundred thirty-three representatives voted nay, three representatives did not vote and 296 representatives voted yea in roll call 455, authorizing the use of armed forces against Iraq. Seventy-seven senators voted yea and 23 senators nay in roll call 455, authorizing the use of armed forces against Iraq.