In 1920, Seaborn J. Buckalew, who became an Alaska legislator and judge, was born in Texas.
In 1939, Ernest Gruening took office as the 13th territorial governor of Alaska, appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In 1960, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Fred Seaton established three national wildlife reserves in Alaska: The Arctic National Wildlife Range (9 million acres in the extreme northeastern corner of Alaska), the Izembek National Wildlife Range (415,000 acres on the north side of the Alaska Peninsula), and the Kuskoquim National Wildlife Range (1.8 million acres on the Yukon-Kuskoquim Delta).
In 1973, the Alaska state ferry LeConte was officially launched.
In 1979, R. Buckminster Fuller, age 84, spoke at the Alaska State Legislature's Future Frontiers Conference in Anchorage.
In 1982, Bill Sheffield took office as the sixth governor of the state of Alaska.
In the nation
In 1790, Congress moved from New York to Philadelphia.
In 1884, Army engineers completed construction of the Washington Monument.
In 1923, a presidential address was broadcast on radio for the first time as President Coolidge spoke to a joint session of Congress.
In 1947, Everglades National Park in Florida was dedicated by President Truman.
In 1957, America's first attempt at putting a satellite into orbit blew up on the launch pad at Cape Canaveral, Fla.
In 1969, a concert by the Rolling Stones at the Altamont Speedway in Livermore, Calif., was marred by the deaths of four people.
In 1973, House minority leader Gerald Ford was sworn in as vice president, succeeding Spiro Agnew.
In 1995, President Clinton vetoed a seven-year Republican budget-balancing plan. The House Ethics Committee sent a highly critical letter to House Speaker Newt Gingrich, saying he had committed three ethics violations.
In 2004, Ohio certified President Bush's 119,000-vote victory over John Kerry, even as the Kerry campaign and third-party candidates prepared to demand a statewide recount.
In the world
In 1982, 11 soldiers and six civilians were killed when an Irish National Liberation Army bomb exploded in a pub in Ballykelly, Northern Ireland.
In 1989, 14 women were shot to death at the University of Montreal's school of engineering by a man who then took his own life. Egon Krenz resigned as leader of East Germany.
In 2004, Militants struck the U.S. Consulate in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, with explosives and machine guns; nine people were killed in the attack claimed by al-Qaida.